ifet-1 is a broad-scale translational repressor required for normal P granule formation in C. elegans.

Journal of cell science

PubMedID: 23264733

Sengupta MS, Low WY, Patterson JR, Kim HM, Traven A, Beilharz TH, Colaiácovo MP, Schisa JA, Boag PR. ifet-1 is a broad-scale translational repressor required for normal P granule formation in C. elegans. J Cell Sci. 2013;126(Pt 3):850-9.
Large cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein germ granule complexes are a common feature in germ cells. In C. elegans these are called P granules and for much of the life-cycle they associate with nuclear pore complexes in germ cells. P granules are rich in proteins that function in diverse RNA pathways. Here we report that the C. elegans homolog of the eIF4E-transporter IFET-1 is required for oogenesis but not spermatogenesis. We show that IFET-1 is required for translational repression of several maternal mRNAs in the distal gonad and functions in conjunction with the broad-scale translational regulators CGH-1, CAR-1 and PATR-1 to regulate germ cell sex determination. Furthermore we have found that IFET-1 localizes to P granules throughout the gonad and in the germ cell lineage in the embryo. Interestingly, IFET-1 is required for the normal ultrastructure of P granules and for the localization of CGH-1 and CAR-1 to P granules. Our findings suggest that IFET-1 is a key translational regulator and is required for normal P granule formation.