Higher coated-platelet levels are associated with stroke recurrence following nonlacunar brain infarction.

Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism

PubMedID: 23149559

Prodan CI, Stoner JA, Cowan LD, Dale GL. Higher coated-platelet levels are associated with stroke recurrence following nonlacunar brain infarction. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2013;33(2):287-92.
Coated-platelets are procoagulant platelets observed upon dual-agonist stimulation with collagen and thrombin. Coated-platelet levels are elevated in patients with nonlacunar (large-vessel) ischemic stroke and decreased in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage as compared with controls. The purpose of this study was to investigate a possible relationship between coated-platelet levels and stroke recurrence in patients with nonlacunar ischemic stroke. We assayed coated-platelet levels in 190 consecutive patients with nonlacunar stroke who were followed for up to 12 months; 20 subjects experienced recurrent stroke. Subjects were categorized into tertiles of coated-platelet levels. The distributions of time-to-recurrent stroke were estimated for each tertile using cumulative incidence curves and compared statistically using a log-rank test. The cumulative incidence of recurrent stroke at 12 months differed among the coated-platelet tertiles: 2% for the first tertile (lowest coated-platelet levels), 18% for the second tertile, and 17% for the third tertile (overall log-rank test, P=0.019). These data suggest that higher levels of coated-platelets, measured shortly after a nonlacunar stroke, are associated with an increased incidence of stroke recurrence. This observation offers an additional tool for identifying patients at highest risk for stroke recurrence following a nonlacunar (large-vessel) infarct.