The mechanism of poly I:C-induced antiviral activity in peritoneal macrophage.

Archives of pharmacal research

PubMedID: 10319138

Pyo S. The mechanism of poly I:C-induced antiviral activity in peritoneal macrophage. Arch Pharm Res. 1994;17(2):93-9.
Macrophages play an important role in defense against virus infection by intrinsic resistance and by extrinsic resistance. Since interferon-induced enzymes which are 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase and P1/eIF-2 protein kinase have been shown to be involved in the inhibition of viral replication, I examined the mechanism by which poly I:C, an interferon inducer, exerts its antiviral effects in inflammatory macrophages infected with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). The data presented here demonstrate that poly I:C-induced antiviral activity is partially due to the activation of 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase. The activation of 2'-5' oligoadenylate A synthetase by poly I:C is also at least partly mediated via the production of interferon-beta. Taken together, these data indicate that interferon-beta produced in response to poly I:C acts in an autocrine manner to activate the 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase and to induce resistance to HSV-1.