Peptic ulcer disease in the elderly in Singapore.

Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology

PubMedID: 8054528

Ng TM, Fock KM, Chia SC, Chew CN, Chong YY, Chee EN, Yap CK. Peptic ulcer disease in the elderly in Singapore. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1994;9(3):278-81.
Of 460 patients with peptic ulcer disease seen over a 30-month period, there were 174 elderly patients (defined as > or = 60 years old), constituting 38%. In this group of elderly, gastric ulcers (GU) were observed more frequently than duodenal ulcers (DU) with a ratio of 1.6:1 and the male to female ratio was 1.7:1. In patients < 60 years old, there were more DU than GU with a ratio of 2.7:1, and a higher male to female ratio of 3.7:1. Seventy-two per cent of the elderly had at least one other medical condition with 20% having three or more medical problems. Hypertension and ischaemic heart disease were the most frequently encountered illnesses. Half the elderly presented with upper abdominal pain and one-third had an atypical presentation. Analgesic ingestion in the preceding 4 weeks was present in 29% of the elderly. In the elderly, bleeding was the most frequent complication occurring in 50%; perforation occurred in 2%. In those with bleeding ulcers, 44% had history of analgesic usage. The mortality of bleeding peptic ulcer in the elderly, was 11% and this was largely due to concurrent medical conditions. Only two deaths occurred due to bleeding ulcer.