Amaurosis fugax: prognosis and the role of acetylsalicylic acid.

Canadian journal of ophthalmology. Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie

PubMedID: 7922849

Gans M, Anderson D. Amaurosis fugax: prognosis and the role of acetylsalicylic acid. Can J Ophthalmol. 1994;29(3):115-8.
Amaurosis fugax has been grouped together with other forms of transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) in the neurologic literature in analyses of prognosis. Although episodes of transient visual loss (TVL) are presumed to be due to ischemia, the prognosis with respect to subsequent stroke and myocardial infarct (MI) appears to differ from cerebral TIAs. We reviewed the clinical course of 73 patients above the age of 45 years who presented to our clinics with a distinct history of TVL. With an average follow-up period of 38 months, the incidence rates of cerebrovascular accident, cerebral TIA and MI following presentation with TVL were 1%, 4% and 7% respectively. Although there was a trend toward fewer episodes of amaurosis with use of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), the difference was not statistically significant. In addition, ASA did not appear to offer a benefit with respect to future ischemic events. Patients with monocular TVL appeared more likely to experience a TIA, whereas those with binocular TVL appeared more likely to experience an MI.