Superoxide dismutase and catalase prevent the formation of reactive oxygen species during reduction of cyclized dopa ortho-quinone by DT-diaphorase.

Chemico-biological interactions

PubMedID: 8082230

Baez S, Linderson Y, Segura-Aguilar J. Superoxide dismutase and catalase prevent the formation of reactive oxygen species during reduction of cyclized dopa ortho-quinone by DT-diaphorase. Chem Biol Interact. 1994;93(2):103-16.
Dopa was oxidized by Mn(3+)-pyrophosphate complex to the corresponding o-quinone, accompanied by the cyclization of the amino chain to form cyclized dopa ortho-quinone (cDoQ) with absorption maxima at wavelengths of 305 and 475 nm. The cyclization was found to proceed in a single step from DoQ to cDoQ without formation of cDoQH2 and oxygen consumption. DT-diaphorase catalyzes the reduction of cDoQ to the corresponding hydroquinone (cDoQH2), which was found to be unstable in the presence of oxygen. The autoxidation of the cDoQH2 was followed by recording the constant oxidation of NADH and oxygen consumption and reduction of cDoQ at a wavelength of 475 nm. It was found that three different oxidizing agents were involved in autoxidation of cDoQH2. The addition of DETAPAC resulted in a strong inhibition of NADH oxidation (65% inhibition) during the reduction of cDoQ by DT-diaphorase, suggesting that manganese was responsible for 65% of the autoxidation of cDoQH2. The addition of SOD to the incubation mixture resulted in the inhibition of NADH oxidation (79%) during the reduction of cDoQ by DT-diaphorase. In the presence of DETAPAC, the addition of SOD inhibited NADH oxidation during cDoQH2 autoxidation 75%, suggesting that superoxide radicals are responsible for 75% of the oxygen-dependent autoxidation. The remaining NADH oxidation, which was not inhibited by DETAPAC and SOD, was accompanied by a constant oxygen consumption, suggesting that this autoxidation of cDoQH2 proceeds by reducing oxygen to superoxide radical. The effect of SOD and catalase in the presence of DETAPAC was also studied. A nearly complete inhibition (90%) of oxygen consumption during the reduction of cDoQ by DT-diaphorase was observed when SOD alone or SOD and catalase were added to the incubation mixture containing DETAPAC. We conclude that SOD and catalase constitute a protective cellular system against formation of reactive oxygen species during reduction of cDoQ by DT-diaphorase.