An aziridinium ion intermediate in the nitrosation of a hexetidine model.

Chemical research in toxicology

PubMedID: 7696544

Loeppky RN, Bae JY. An aziridinium ion intermediate in the nitrosation of a hexetidine model. Chem Res Toxicol. 1995;7(6):861-7.
The nitrosation chemistry of 1,3,5-trimethyl-5-aminohexahydropyrimidine (2) has been investigated as a model for the behavior of the antimicrobial agent hexetidine (1) under similar conditions. The reaction of 2 with sodium nitrite in glacial acetic acid gives 4-methyl-4-[(methylnitrosamino)methyl]-3-nitroso-1,3-oxazolidine (4) as the major nitrosamine. This compound arises from a molecular rearrangement which proceeds through the diazotization of the primary amino group followed by intramolecular displacement of nitrogen to generate an aziridinium ion. The N-nitrosooxazolidine 4 forms from the nitrosation of an imidazolidine produced from the aziridinium ring hydrolytic opening. The N-nitrosooxazolidine 4, an isomer, 5-methyl-5-[(methylnitrosamino)methyl]-3-nitroso-1,3-oxazolidine (14), which is not formed in the nitrosation of 2, and an analog 4-methyl-4-[[(2-ethylhexyl)nitrosamino]methyl]-3-nitroso-1,3-oxazolidine (22) have been independently synthesized. The N-nitrosooxazolidine 22 which would be formed from hexetidine is not present in its nitrosation mixture, suggesting the absence of reactive aziridinium ions in that case. The dissimilar nitrosation chemistry of 2 and 1 are discussed.