Health professional advice for smoking and weight in adults with and without diabetes: findings from BRFSS.

Journal of behavioral medicine

PubMedID: 22083143

Schauer GL, Halperin AC, Mancl LA, Doescher MP. Health professional advice for smoking and weight in adults with and without diabetes: findings from BRFSS. J Behav Med. 2013;36(1):10-9.
Health risk behaviors including smoking and weight-gain can cause and exacerbate chronic diseases like diabetes. Brief provider advice is an effective intervention to reduce risk from these behaviors. However, behavioral advice is provided more often to those who already have a chronic illness when compared with those who are at risk. The purpose of this study is to determine whether the frequency of provider advice for smoking cessation and weight loss varies between overweight or obese smokers with and without diabetes. BRFSS data from a subset of overweight and obese smokers with (n = 848) and without (n = 6,279) diabetes were analyzed to determine differences in reported provider advice. Overweight and obese smokers with diabetes reported receiving more advice for both weight (46.4% vs. 23.4%, P < 0.001) and smoking (84.5% vs. 72.8%, P < 0.001) compared to those without diabetes. Advice for smoking cessation was reported two to three times more often than advice for weight. Nearly a quarter of those with diabetes and almost half of those without reported no receipt of advice about weight. Results indicate that providers are not adequately addressing overweight and obesity in patients with and at risk for diabetes.