Phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase induces glioma cells proliferation and invasion by stabilizing forkhead box M1.

Journal of neuro-oncology

PubMedID: 23229761

Liu J, Guo S, Li Q, Yang L, Xia Z, Zhang L, Huang Z, Zhang N. Phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase induces glioma cells proliferation and invasion by stabilizing forkhead box M1. J Neurooncol. 2013;111(3):245-55.
Phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH) is the first enzyme branching from glycolysis in the three-step serine biosynthetic pathway. Recent evidence has shown that PHGDH is amplified in human breast cancer and melanoma and plays a key role in cancer metabolism. However, PHGDH expression in glioma and a potential non-metabolic role in tumorigenesis have not been reported. We analyzed PHGDH levels in specimens from glioma patients and found that PHGDH, although negative in normal brain tissues, was highly expressed in astrocytic tumors and increasingly expressed in more aggressive cancer types. Inhibition of PHGDH expression in glioma cells downregulated the expression of VEGF, MMP-2, CHK2 and cyclin D1 and reduced glioma cell proliferation, invasion and tumorigenicity in vitro and in vivo. Interestingly, we found that the oncogenic transcription factor FOXM1 was also downregulated in PHDGH-silenced glioma cells. Using LC/LC MS analysis, we identified PHGDH as a novel binding partner of FOXM1. PHGDH interacted with and stabilized FOXM1 at the protein level, promoting the proliferation, invasion and tumorigenicity of glioma cells. Our data identified PHGDH as a potential prognostic marker of glial brain tumors and identified a non-metabolic role for PHGDH in glioma tumorigenesis, providing a novel angle of targeting the PHGDH-FOXM1 axis in future brain tumor therapy.