Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and efficacy of novel FabI inhibitor AFN-1252 against MSSA and MRSA in the murine thigh infection model.

Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy)

PubMedID: 23433441

Banevicius MA, Kaplan N, Hafkin B, Nicolau DP. Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and efficacy of novel FabI inhibitor AFN-1252 against MSSA and MRSA in the murine thigh infection model. J Chemother. 2013;25(1):26-31.
AFN-1252, a new antimicrobial agent, specifically and potently inhibits fatty acid synthesis in Staphylococcus aureus. We characterized in vivo pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of AFN-1252 administered orally to neutropenic mice inoculated in thighs (~10(6) CFU) with methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) ATCC 29213. Efficacy was also assessed in mice inoculated with MSSA, hospital-acquired Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (HA-MRSA) or community-acquired (CA)-MRSA, and administered AFN-1252 or linezolid orally. Bacterial density was determined after 24 hours and efficacy defined as the change in CFU/thigh versus untreated controls at time 0. With MSSA, antibacterial reductions of =1 log were observed at =20 mg/kg doses, with ƒAUC/minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) best describing the pharmacodynamic profile of AFN-1252. The 80, 50 and 5% maximum effects were observed with ƒAUC/MIC values of 22·3, 17·0, and 9·6, respectively. Similar values were obtained for CA-MRSA and HA-MRSA. AFN-1252 was 4-40 fold more effective than linezolid against CA-MRSA and HA-MRSA. These data demonstrate the excellent in vivo potency of AFN-1252 against phenotypically diverse S. aureus.