The effect of Paxillus involutus Fr. on aluminum sensitivity of Norway spruce seedlings.

Tree physiology

PubMedID: 14969908

Hentschel E, Godbold DL, Marschner P, Schlegel H, Jentschke G. The effect of Paxillus involutus Fr. on aluminum sensitivity of Norway spruce seedlings. Tree Physiol. 1993;12(4):379-90.
Non-mycorrhizal Norway spruce seedlings (Picea abies Karst.) and Norway spruce seedlings colonized with Paxillus involutus Fr. were grown in an axenic silica sand culture system. After successful mycorrhizal colonization, the seedlings were exposed to 200 or 800 micro M AlCl(3) for 10 weeks. In both non-mycorrhizal and mycorrhizal seedlings, exposure to Al significantly reduced root growth and the uptake of Mg and Ca. After 5 weeks of exposure to 800 micro M Al, the mycorrhizal seedlings had significantly higher chlorophyll concentrations than the non-mycorrhizal seedlings, although no difference in Mg nutrition was apparent. After 10 weeks of exposure to Al, both non-mycorrhizal and mycorrhizal seedlings exhibited needle chlorosis and reduced photosynthetic activity. However, the aluminum-induced reduction in shoot growth was largely ameliorated by colonization with P. involutus. We conclude that mycorrhizal colonization modifies the phytotoxic effects of Al in Norway spruce seedlings. However, differences in physiological responses to Al between mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal seedlings may be largely reduced in the long term as a result of impaired mineral nutrient uptake.