[The prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS by the use of the condom].

Salud publica de Mexico

PubMedID: 8235898

del Río-Chiriboga C, Uribe-Zúñiga P. [The prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS by the use of the condom]. Salud Publica Mex. 1993;35(5):508-17.
This paper deals with the last literature and examines the most relevant studies of recent years related to condom effectiveness in preventing sexually transmitted diseases (STD), with experimental, epidemiological and seroconversion models. On the basis of these studies, it can be stated that the efficacy of condoms is close to 100 per cent when used correctly and consistently. Condom breakage has been reported in 0.5 per cent of vaginal intercourse and 3.6 to 10 per cent of anal intercourse. Most studies refer low failure rates due to manufacturing defects. Considering all constraints involved in masculine condom use and their implications for women, a female condom has been developed recently. It is not enough to give information or to make condoms available, if all the elements involved in the enhancement or failure of its use are not considered. Sexual education programs are the fundamental strategy in preventing STD and pregnancy.