Does Resident Involvement Impact Post-Operative Complications Following Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty? An Analysis of 24,529 Cases.

Journal of Arthroplasty

PubMedID: 24726182

Haughom BD, Schairer WW, Hellman MD, Yi PH, Levine BR. Does Resident Involvement Impact Post-Operative Complications Following Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty? An Analysis of 24,529 Cases. J Arthroplasty. 2014;29(7):1468-1472.e2.
Little is known about the impact of resident involvement on complication rates following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The goal of our study was to determine the impact of resident involvement on complications following primary TKA. Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database (2005-2012) we identified 24,529 patients who underwent primary TKA. Of these, 5960 (24.3%) had a resident involved in a primary TKA. Using a multivariate logistic regression which incorporated propensity score adjustment, no differences were seen in morbidity and mortality following those cases with resident involvement (OR: 1.15, P=0.129). In the first large scale, comprehensive analysis of resident impact on short-term morbidity and mortality, no increase in complications was observed with resident involvement in primary TKA.