Spermatozoa from the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) display typical canid hyper-sensitivity to osmotic and freezing-induced injury, but respond favorably to dimethylsulfoxide.

Cryobiology

PubMedID: 24731851

Johnson AE, Freeman EW, Wildt DE, Songsasen N. Spermatozoa from the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) display typical canid hyper-sensitivity to osmotic and freezing-induced injury, but respond favorably to dimethylsulfoxide. Cryobiology. 2014;.
We assessed the influences of medium osmolality, cryoprotectant and cooling and warming rate on maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) spermatozoa. Ejaculates were exposed to Ham's F10 medium (isotonic control) or to this medium plus NaCl (350-1000 mOsm), sucrose (369 and 479 mOsm), 1 M glycerol (1086 mOsm) or dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO, 1151 mOsm) for 10 min. Each sample then was diluted back into Ham's medium and assessed for sperm motility and plasma membrane integrity. Although glycerol and Me2SO had no influence (P > 0.05), NaCl and sucrose solutions affected sperm motility (P < 0.05), but not membrane integrity. Motility of sperm exposed to <600 mOsm NaCl or sucrose was less (P < 0.05) than fresh ejaculate, but comparable (P > 0.05) to the control. As osmolality of NaCl solution increased, motility decreased to <5%. In a separate study, ejaculates were diluted in Test Yolk Buffer containing 1 M glycerol or Me2SO and cooled from 5°C to -120°C at -57.8°C, -124.2°C or -67.0°C/min, frozen in LN2, thawed in a water bath for 30 s at 37°C or 10 s at 50°C, and then assessed for motility, plasma- and acrosomal membrane integrity. Cryopreservation markedly (P < 0.05) reduced sperm motility by 70% compared to fresh samples. Higher (P < 0.05) post-thaw motility (20.0 ± 1.9% versus 13.5 ± 2.1%) and membrane integrity (51.2 ± 1.7% versus 41.5 ± 2.2%) were observed in samples cryopreserved in Me2SO than in glycerol. Cooling rates influenced cryosurvival of sperm cryopreserved in glycerol with -57.8°C/min being advantageous (P < 0.05). The findings demonstrate that although maned wolf spermatozoa are similar to domestic dog sperm in their sensitivity to osmotic-induced motility damage, the plasma membranes tolerated dehydration and the cells respond favorably to Me2SO as a cryoprotectant.