[Influence of mediating/moderating effects of health skills on the relation between knowledge and behaviors in health, among college students].

Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi

PubMedID: 24739550

Mou J, Zhao S, Wu D, Luo J, Yin X, Gong W. [Influence of mediating/moderating effects of health skills on the relation between knowledge and behaviors in health, among college students]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2014;35(2):134-7.
OBJECTIVE
To study the influence of mediating/moderating effects of health skills on the relations between health knowledge and health behaviors in college students.

METHODS
Stratified cluster random sampling was used among 2 181 students, selected in several colleges in Changsha, Hunan province. EpiData 3.0 was adopted to establish the database. Correlation and regression analyses were performed by SPSS 17.0.

RESULTS
Positive correlations were seen on: 1) Knowledge and skills on health (r = 0.592, P < 0.01), 2) Knowledge and behaviors on health (r = 0.647, P < 0.01), 3) Health skills and health behaviors(r = 0.629, P < 0.01). The mediating effect of health skills on the relations between health knowledge and health behaviors was significant (34.55%). The interaction effect of "health skill × (times) related knowledge" was significant (ß = -0.093, t = - 5.212, P = 0.000). New variables that were produced by the interaction also reached significant level (? R(2) = 0.006, P = 0.000), resulted in increasing the explanation function to health behaviors by 0.6%.

CONCLUSION
Health skills could partially mediate the effects and moderate the relationship between health knowledge and health behaviors among college students.