Organized thrombus in pulmonary arteries in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension; imaging with cone beam computed tomography.

Japanese journal of radiology

PubMedID: 24760203

Sugiyama M, Fukuda T, Sanda Y, Morita Y, Higashi M, Ogo T, Tsuji A, Demachi J, Nakanishi N, Naito H. Organized thrombus in pulmonary arteries in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension; imaging with cone beam computed tomography. Jpn J Radiol. 2014;.
PURPOSE
To assess the usefulness of cone-beam CT (CBCT) during pulmonary angiography for the evaluation of organized thrombus at segmental or subsegmental arteries in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH).

MATERIALS AND METHODS
The segmental and/or subsegmental pulmonary arteries of 13 patients with CTEPH were evaluated by CBCT. We classified representative forms of organized thrombus into 4 types (type 1: webs, type 2: web and slits, type 3: slits, and type 4: narrowing or complete occlusion), and the distribution and frequency of the organized thrombus were evaluated. The relative detectability of these lesions using CBCT was compared with that in contrast-enhanced CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA).

RESULTS
Type 1 lesions were most frequently observed in both segmental (30/65 = 46 %) and subsegmental branches (72/156 = 46 %). Type 2 lesions were relatively less frequent than type 1, but subsegmental branches were frequently involved (29/156 = 19 %). Type 3 lesions observed as a thin flap in 9/156 subsegmental branches (6 %). Comparing with CTPA, all 40 lesions in segmental branches were detectable in CTPA, whereas only 62 lesions among 90 lesions (69 %) in subsegmental branches could be observed by CTPA.

CONCLUSION
CBCT is found to be useful for the treatment planning of balloon pulmonary angioplasty distal to segmental arteries.