Development and Evaluation of Ca(+ 2) Ion Cross-Linked Carboxymethyl Xanthan Gum Tablet Prepared by Wet Granulation Technique.

AAPS PharmSciTech

PubMedID: 24760471

Maity S, Sa B. Development and Evaluation of Ca(+ 2) Ion Cross-Linked Carboxymethyl Xanthan Gum Tablet Prepared by Wet Granulation Technique. AAPS PharmSciTech. 2014;.
The objective of this work was to study the release behavior of prednisolone from calcium-cross-linked carboxymethyl xanthan gum (CMXG) tablets in dissolution medium having different pH values prevailing in the gastrointestinal lumen. Xanthan gum (XG) was derivatized to CMXG which was then cross-linked in situ with Ca(+2) ion during wet massing step of tablet preparation. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry studies did not show any drug-polymer interaction although the drug underwent solid-state transformation during compression as evident from X-ray diffraction analysis. In vitro release study demonstrated that increase in the amount of Ca(+2) ion decreased the drug release, and beyond a certain amount, the drug release increased. While increase in both drug load and tablet crushing strength decreased the drug release, increase in exposure time in acid solution of pH 1.2 increased the overall release of the drug. The mechanism of drug release was non-Fickian/anomalous. The results indicated that variation in the amount of Ca(+2) ion can modulate the drug release from CMXG matrix tablets as needed.