Mammalian cells contain two functionally distinct PBAF complexes incorporating different isoforms of PHF10 signature subunit.

Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)

PubMedID: 24763304

Brechalov AV, Georgieva SG, Soshnikova NV. Mammalian cells contain two functionally distinct PBAF complexes incorporating different isoforms of PHF10 signature subunit. Cell Cycle. 2014;13(12):.
The PBAF subtype of the mammalian chromatin remodeling SWI/SNF complex has wide and diverse functions in transcription regulation and development, being both transcription activator and repressor. However, a mechanism accounting for such functional diversity remains unclear. Human PHF10/BAF45a subunit of the PBAF complex plays an important role in brain development but has not been studied sufficiently. We have shown that the PHF10 gene encodes 2 types of evolutionarily conserved, ubiquitously expressed isoforms that are incorporated into the PBAF complex in a mutually exclusive manner. One isoform contains C-terminal tandem PHD fingers (essential for the interaction with histones), which in the other isoform are replaced by the consensus sequence for phosphorylation-dependent SUMO-1 conjugation (PDSM). PBAF complexes containing different PHF10 isoforms can bind to the promoters of the same genes but produce different effects on the recruitment of Pol II to the promoter and on the level of gene transcription. In addition, it is only the PBAF with PHD-containing isoform that activates proliferation. Our study demonstrates the existence of functionally different PBAF complexes in mammalian cell. It also provides an insight into the molecular structure and role of human PHF10/BAF45a and characterizes it as an essential PBAF subunit.