Local Metric Learning in 2D/3D Deformable Registration With Application in the Abdomen.

IEEE transactions on medical imaging

PubMedID: 24771575

Zhao Q, Chou CR, Mageras G, Pizer S. Local Metric Learning in 2D/3D Deformable Registration With Application in the Abdomen. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2014;.
In image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) of disease sites subject to respiratory motion, soft tissue deformations can affect localization accuracy. We describe the application of a method of 2D/3D deformable registration to soft tissue localization in abdomen. The method, called Registration Efficiency and Accuracy through Learning a Metric on Shape (REALMS), is designed to support real-time IGRT. In a previously developed version of REALMS, the method interpolated 3D deformation parameters for any credible deformation in a deformation space using a single globally-trained Riemannian metric for each parameter. We propose a refinement of the method in which the metric is trained over a particular region of the deformation space, such that interpolation accuracy within that region is improved.We report on the application of the proposed algorithm to IGRT in abdominal disease sites, which is more challenging than in lung because of low intensity contrast and non-respiratory deformation. We introduce a rigid translation vector to compensate for non-respiratory deformation, and design a special regionof- interest around fiducial markers implanted near the tumor to produce a more reliable registration. Both synthetic data and actual data tests on abdominal datasets show that the localized approach achieves more accurate 2D/3D deformable registration than the global approach.