Se14, Encoding a JmjC Domain-Containing Protein, Plays Key Roles in Long-Day Suppression of Rice Flowering through the Demethylation of H3K4me3 of RFT1.

PloS one

PubMedID: 24759811

Yokoo T, Saito H, Yoshitake Y, Xu Q, Asami T, Tsukiyama T, Teraishi M, Okumoto Y, Tanisaka T. Se14, Encoding a JmjC Domain-Containing Protein, Plays Key Roles in Long-Day Suppression of Rice Flowering through the Demethylation of H3K4me3 of RFT1. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(4):e96064.
Floral transition from the vegetative to the reproductive growth phase is a major change in the plant life cycle and a key factor in reproductive success. In rice (Oryza sativa L.), a facultative short-day plant, numerous flowering time and flower formation genes that control floral transition have been identified and their physiological effects and biochemical functions have been clarified. In the present study, we used a Se14-deficient mutant line (HS112) and other flowering mutant lines to investigate the photoperiodic response, chromosomal location and function in the photoperiod sensitivity of the Se14 gene. We also studied the interactive effects of this locus with other crucial flowering time genes. We found that Se14 is independent of the known photoperiod-sensitive genes, such as Hd1 and Ghd7, and is identical to Os03g0151300, which encodes a Jumonji C (JmjC) domain-containing protein. Expression analysis revealed that the expressions of RFT1, a floral initiator known as a "florigen-like gene", and Ehd1 were up-regulated in HS112, whereas this up-regulation was not observed in the original variety of 'Gimbozu'. ChIP assays of the methylation states of histone H3 at lysine 4 (H3K4) revealed that the trimethylated H3K4 in the promoter region of the RFT1 chromatin was significantly increased in HS112. We conclude that Se14 is a novel photoperiod-sensitivity gene that has a suppressive effect on floral transition (flowering time) under long day-length conditions through the modification of chromatin structure by H3K4me3 demethylation in the promoter region of RFT1.