Routines of families with adolescents with autistic disorders: a comparison study.

Canadian journal of occupational therapy. Revue canadienne d'ergotherapie

PubMedID: 24783489

Bagatell NJ, Cram M, Alvarez CG, Loehle L. Routines of families with adolescents with autistic disorders: a comparison study. Can J Occup Ther. 2014;81(1):62-7.
BACKGROUND
Research has consistently shown that families with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have difficulty engaging in family routines, yet little is known about families with adolescents with ASD.

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to compare the routines of families with adolescents with ASD (FASD) and families with typically developing adolescents.

METHOD
Twenty families in each group were compared using the Family Routines Inventory and supplemental questions. Data were analyzed using a Mann-Whitney U and content analysis.

FINDINGS
No significant difference between groups was found; however, there was a trending toward significance in the subscale of mealtime routines in both endorsement and adherence. Analysis of open-ended questions revealed differences in how routines were carried out.

IMPLICATIONS
Occupational therapists should consider assessing and addressing routines of importance to FASD to increase family health and well-being. Further research is needed to better understand the routines of FASD.