Impact of host ageing on the metastatic phenotype.

Mechanisms of ageing and development

PubMedID: 23403123

Meehan B, Dombrovsky A, Lau K, Lai T, Magnus N, Montermini L, Rak J. Impact of host ageing on the metastatic phenotype. Mech Ageing Dev. 2013;134(3-4):118-29.
Ageing impacts multiple host mechanisms involved in cancer progression. Here we show that poorly metastatic Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells form less bulky metastatic deposits in aged mice (>52 weeks) relative to their young (4-6 weeks) counterparts. Serial selection of LLC cells for increased metastatic capability in either young or old mice led in both cases to exaggerated growth of pulmonary nodules after only 5 cycles of in vivo passage. The respective metastatic cellular variants established in young (Y-series) or old (O-series) mice differed in cell morphology and constitutive activity of growth factor receptors, especially phospho-PDGFRa and phospho-EPHA7. These cell lines also exhibited marked differences in their time dependent profiles of cellular impedance (CI), which reflects their physical properties, such as cell shape, adhesion and interactions with substrata. In confluent monolayer culture Y-series cell lines generated high and increasing CI values, while these values remained low and constant in the O-series of cell lines. These observations suggest that the selective pressure of the metastatic microenvironment in young versus old hosts is sufficiently different to results in the enrichment of distinct, age-related metastatic phenotypes of cancer cells. Thus, age could inform therapeutic approaches to metastatic cancers.