Enhancement of human T lymphocyte function by prothymosin alpha: increased production of interleukin-2 and expression of interleukin-2 receptors in normal human peripheral blood T lymphocytes.

Immunopharmacology and immunotoxicology

PubMedID: 2092041

Baxevanis CN, Frillingos S, Seferiadis K, Reclos GJ, Arsenis P, Katsiyiannis A, Anastasopoulos E, Tsolas O, Papamichail M. Enhancement of human T lymphocyte function by prothymosin alpha: increased production of interleukin-2 and expression of interleukin-2 receptors in normal human peripheral blood T lymphocytes. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 1991;12(4):595-617.
The in vitro incubation of phytohemagglutinin (PHA)- or alloantigen-stimulated peripheral blood T cells with prothymosin alpha (ProT alpha) resulted in a marked and reproducible increase in the production of interleukin-2 (IL-2). Incubation of T cells with ProT alpha, in the absence of PHA or alloantigen, failed to induce any production of IL-2. ProT alpha by itself did not exert any IL-2 activity. Finally, ProT alpha was shown to increase the expression of IL-2 receptors on phytohemagglutinin- or alloantigen-activated T cells. These data provide the basis for understanding the in vitro immunoenhancing effects of ProT alpha in cellular immune systems.