Deviated trachea in hypoplasia and aplasia of the right lung: airway obstruction and its release by aortopexy.

Journal of pediatric surgery

PubMedID: 2313494

Döhlemann C, Mantel K, Schneider K, Güntner M, Kreuzer E, Hecker WC. Deviated trachea in hypoplasia and aplasia of the right lung: airway obstruction and its release by aortopexy. J Pediatr Surg. 1990;25(3):290-3.
Three cases of male infants with hypoplasia and aplasia of the right lung and dextrocardia are reported. The infants developed increasing obstructive respiratory distress in the first 4 months of life. In all three cases, there was an opaque right hemithorax with overinflation of the left lung, a posterior deviation of the trachea with pulsatile stenosis, and a posteriorly located aortic arch. Hypoplasia (two cases) or aplasia (one case) of the right pulmonary artery and an absence or a remnant of the right main bronchus were also observed. Associated malformations were esophageal atresia with an abnormal high pouch of the proximal esophagus in case 1, and hypertelorismus syndrome in case 2. Because of severe respiratory distress in all three patients, an aortopexy was performed at the ages of 5 months (one infant) and 10 months (two infants). The obstructive respiratory signs disappeared postoperatively in the following weeks. It has been observed that tracheal stenosis in aplasia or hypoplasia of the right lung may be caused by the dislocated aortic arch. An aortopexy can release the airway compression in such cases. Because of associated malformations, a careful evaluation of the airway and vessels is recommended.