Permeability of cellulose polymers: water vapour transmission rates.

The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology

PubMedID: 1974608

Sprockel OL, Prapaitrakul W, Shivanand P. Permeability of cellulose polymers: water vapour transmission rates. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1990;42(3):152-7.
The water vapour transmission rates (WVTR) through solvent cast polymer films prepared from cellulose acetate, cellulose acetate propionate, and cellulose acetate butyrate have been determined. They were influenced by the relative humidity, the substituent type and the extent of substitution. Increasing the relative humidity from 32 to 90% increased the WVTR 3 to 5 times depending on the polymer used. The WVTR increased in the order of butyrate less than propionate less than acetate. An increase in the extent of substitution with acetyl and/or butyryl groups resulted in an exponential decline in the WVTR.