Staghorn calculi of the kidney: classification and therapy.

British Journal of Urology

PubMedID: 2354308

Di Silverio F, Gallucci M, Alpi G. Staghorn calculi of the kidney: classification and therapy. Br J Urol. 1990;65(5):449-52.
Following the introduction of new techniques, the reclassification of staghorn calculi is indicated in order to establish the most suitable form of treatment. Of 269 patients with staghorn calculi treated over a 3-year period, 56% underwent extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) monotherapy; 16% required open surgery and the remaining 28% underwent percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) with ultrasound in association with ESWL. The latter group has been reviewed, taking into account invasiveness, results, complications and cost effectiveness. A combination of PCNL and ESWL was beneficial in patients in whom percutaneous access through a single tract removed more than 70% of the stone. As a result of these findings, the authors propose a revised classification of staghorn calculi.