Effect of tumor suppressor PTEN gene on apoptosis and cell cycle of human airway smooth muscle cells.

Molecular and cellular biochemistry

PubMedID: 23275086

Luo L, Gong YQ, Qi X, Lai W, Lan H, Luo Y. Effect of tumor suppressor PTEN gene on apoptosis and cell cycle of human airway smooth muscle cells. Mol Cell Biochem. 2013;375(1-2):1-9.
It is well established that hyperplasia and decreased apoptosis of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) play an important role in the asthmatic airway remodeling. Tumor suppressor PTEN gene with phosphatase activity plays an important regulatory role in embryonic development, cell proliferation, and apoptosis, cell cycle regulation, migration (invasion) of the cytoskeleton. We hypotheses that PTEN gene could affect the growth and viability of ASMCs through the regulation of PI3K/Akt, MAPK, and cell cycle-related gene expression. We constructed a recombinant adenovirus to transfect ASMCs. Cells were divided into the overexpression of PTEN gene group (Ad-PTEN-GFP), negative control group (Ad-GFP), and blank control group (DMEM). The cell apoptosis of ASMCs were evaluated by Hoechst-33342 staining and PE-7AAD double-labeled flow cytometry. The cell cycle distribution was observed by flow cytometry with PI staining. The expression of PTEN, p-Akt, total-Akt, p-ERK1/2, total-ERK1/2, cleaved-Caspases-3, Caspases-9, p21, and Cyclin D1 were tested by the Western blotting. Our study revealed that overexpression of PTEN gene did not induce apoptosis of human ASMCs cultured in vitro. However, overexpression of PTEN inhibited proliferation of human ASMCs cultured in vitro and was associated with downregulation of Akt phosphorylation levels, while did not affect ERK1/2 phosphorylation levels. Moreover, overexpression of PTEN could induce ASMCs arrested in the G0/G1 phase through the downregulation of Cyclin D1 and upregulation of p21 expressions.