[Clinical research of aortic valve replacement in small aortic annulus].

Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]

PubMedID: 24809523

Wang R, Chen X, Xu M, Jiang Y, Wang L, Liu P. [Clinical research of aortic valve replacement in small aortic annulus]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2014;52(2):131-4.
OBJECTIVE
To compare the effect aortic valve replacement(AVR) combined with aortic root enlargement and simple St.Jude Regent AVR in small aortic annulus patients.

METHODS
From June 2008 to June 2012, 62 severe aortic valvular stenosis patients with small aortic annulus (annulus diameter of 15-21 mm) entered the study. Twenty-seven cases received AVR combined with aortic root enlargement (enlargement group) and 35 cases received simple St.Jude Regent AVR(non-enlargement group), 17 mm St.Jude Regent in 15 cases(17 mm group) and 19 mm in 20 cases (19 mm group). Aortic root enlargement techniques included Nicks in 2, modified Nicks in 6 cases, modified Manouguian in 19 cases. Patients were followed up and received ultrasonic cardiogram (UCG) 3, 12 months postoperatively and t-test was used for statistical comparison.

RESULTS
In enlargement group, 1 Nicks patient received reoperation due to aortic root hemorrhage, and died of mediastinal infection, 1 Manouguian patient received permanent pacemaker. In non-enlargement group, low cardiac output syndrome in 1 case. Three months and 12 months postoperative UCG showed, comparing to preoperation, effective orifice area (EOAI) increased significantly, postoperative transvalular pressure gradient and flow rate decreased significantly in each group (P = 0.000). Left ventricular diastolic diameter (LVDd) decreased significantly in both enlargement group and 19 mm group(P = 0.000), but no significant change in 17 mm group (P > 0.05). In non-enlargement group, 19 mm compared to 17 mm group, 3 months and 12 months postoperative EOAI increased significantly, pressure gradient, flow rate and LVDd decreased significantly(t = 2.449-12.291, P = 0.000-0.029). Comparing to enlargement group, there were significant differences in EOAI, pressure gradient, flow rate and LVDd in 17 mm group (t = 2.278-17.860, P = 0.000-0.028), but no significant differences in 19 mm group(t = 0.118-1.630, P = 0.110-0.907).

CONCLUSIONS
For small aortic annulus AVR patient, 19 mm and larger St.Jude Regent prosthetic valves may produce satisfied hemodynamic, otherwise, aortic root enlargement is recommended.