A role for protein kinase C in the production of free oxygen radicals in response to Nippostrongylus brasiliensis.

Parasitology research

PubMedID: 1924260

Smith NC. A role for protein kinase C in the production of free oxygen radicals in response to Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. Parasitol Res. 1991;77(6):521-5.
The involvement of protein kinase C in the initiation of free oxygen radical generation by rat leukocytes in response to the nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis was investigated. Inhibitors of protein kinase C, trifluoperazine and 1-(5-isoquinolinylsulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7), inhibited free radical generation in response to N. brasiliensis in vitro. Neither inhibitor affected free radical generation by the cell-free xanthine/xanthine oxidase system, indicating that the agents did not scavenge free radicals; they also failed to affect leukocyte viability. Furthermore, activators of protein kinase C, the calcium ionophore A23187 and the diacylglycerol 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-rac-glycerol (OAG), enhanced free radical generation by leukocytes in response to N. brasiliensis in vitro. Thus, protein kinase C apparently plays an important role in the initiation of free radical generation in response to N. brasiliensis; since free radicals may play a critical role in worm expulsion, this implies that protein kinase C may also be important in the rejection of N. brasiliensis from the small intestine of the rat.