Effects of emotional imagery on physiological and facial responses in Type A and Type B individuals.

Journal of psychosomatic research

PubMedID: 1920170

Contrada RJ, Hilton WF, Glass DC. Effects of emotional imagery on physiological and facial responses in Type A and Type B individuals. J Psychosom Res. 1991;35(4-5):391-7.
Type A behavior was examined in relation to physiologic and facial-expressive changes associated with anger, fear and distress. Affect was induced by an imagery procedure in which subjects recalled and described actual, emotion-related episodes. Type A was assessed by a structured interview. Subjects were healthy men, 21 Type As and 21 Type Bs, whose mean age was 39 yr. Type Bs showed higher systolic blood pressure responses and greater expression of negative affect than Type As. Data analysis also revealed a tendency for enhanced physiologic and facial responses of Type Bs relative to Type As to be greater during fear and distress than during anger. These results appear to reflect a coping process whereby Type A individuals show attenuated facial-expressive and physiologic reactivity as a means of maintaining a sense of control over aversive conditions.