Anthracycline gels. Preparation and some physico-chemical properties.

Biophysical chemistry

PubMedID: 17014764

Giomini M, Maria Giuliani A, Giustini M, Trotta E. Anthracycline gels. Preparation and some physico-chemical properties. Biophys Chem. 1991;39(2):119-25.
Gels have been prepared from aqueous solutions of anthracyclines by addition of salts. The gels are thixotropic and thermally reversible. They are stable for several months in the refrigerator and for long times even at room temperature. The gel-solution transition (melting) temperature depends on the concentration of the anthracycline and on the concentration and nature of the added salt. The melting has been followed by 1H-NMR. Only weak intermolecular interactions (stacking and hydrogen bonds) originate the drug network, within which the solvent is entrapped. 1H-NMR and polarimetric data suggest a stacked helical arrangement of the anthracycline molecules. The gelation process is cooperative.