The influence of Mg++ and Zn++ on polypurine-polypyrimidine multistranded helices.

Journal of biomolecular structure & dynamics

PubMedID: 2059339

Campos JL, Subirana JA. The influence of Mg++ and Zn++ on polypurine-polypyrimidine multistranded helices. J Biomol Struct Dyn. 1991;8(4):793-800.
We have studied by X-ray diffraction fibres of complexes of polypurine-polypyrimidine with divalent cations. In the presence of Mg++, poly(dC) and poly(dG) form a very stable triple helix at neutral pH, based on G-G-C triplexes, whereas Zn++ prevents its formation, both at neutral and acidic pH. The poly(dC) . poly(dG) complex with Zn++ is of the B form, but its X-ray diffraction pattern shows an unusual intensity distribution. This is probably due to the fact that counterions occupy defined positions on the helix. The A form has not been observed. With poly[d(A-G)].poly [d(C-T)] a different triple helical structure is formed, both with Zn++ and Mg++. Direct, X-ray diffraction evidence for these triple helices is provided here for the first time.