Leather tanning workers: chromosomal aberrations in peripheral lymphocytes and micronuclei in exfoliated cells in urine.

Mutation research

PubMedID: 1994245

González Cid M, Loria D, Vilensky M, Miotti JL, Matos E. Leather tanning workers: chromosomal aberrations in peripheral lymphocytes and micronuclei in exfoliated cells in urine. Mutat Res. 1991;259(2):197-201.
A cytogenetic study was performed on workers of a leather tanning industry. Two different approaches for the biological monitoring of the individuals were used: chromosomal aberration analysis in peripheral lymphocytes and the frequency of micronucleated cells exfoliated in urine samples. 26 men working in the sections considered to present a greater risk were included in the study. Controls were 20 men that were not exposed to chemicals. The percentage of abnormal cells was higher in workers than in controls. Smokers showed higher values of chromosome breaks than non-smokers in both groups. These differences were not statistically significant. The percentage of cells with chromatid and chromosome gaps in workers and controls was different (p less than 0.01). A slight but not significant increase in the mean percentage of micronuclei was observed in the exposed group. We conclude that exposure to chemicals during leather tanning did not produce genotoxic effects measured by chromosomal aberrations in peripheral lymphocytes and micronuclei in urine in this group of workers.