The effect of temperature on conduction velocity in human muscle fibers.

Journal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology

PubMedID: 20870519

Troni W, DeMattei M, Contegiacomo V. The effect of temperature on conduction velocity in human muscle fibers. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 1991;1(4):281-7.
The effects of variation of intramuscular temperature (T) on conduction velocity (CV) of the action potential along single human muscle fibers of the biceps brachii was studied in situ in 15 normal volunteers (mean age 39 years, range 21-62 years). Cooling was obtained by direct application of ice over a rectangular skin region including the stimulating and recording area. The intramuscular T was monitored by a needle thermocouple (copperconstantane). In all the 24 muscle fibers studied, a linear relationship was observed between CV and T. The slopes of the regression lines, ranging between 0.190 and 0.079 m/s, were positively correlated with the starting CV at 36°C ranging between 2.2 and 5.2 m/s. If conduction changes are expressed as a percentage of the basal CV at 36°C, the CV T coefficient is the same for all the fibers and independent of the individual CV: 3.4% of CV/°C.