Isolation and characterization of a mouse protein C cDNA.

Journal of biochemistry

PubMedID: 1618739

Tada N, Sato M, Tsujimura A, Iwase R, Hashimoto-Gotoh T. Isolation and characterization of a mouse protein C cDNA. J Biochem. 1992;111(4):491-5.
Protein C (PC) is a vitamin K-dependent serine protease, a deficiency of which results in thrombus. There is no spontaneously occurring mouse model of the disease. Attempts to create such a model in mice by using anti-sense gene technology requires isolation of a normal mouse PC cDNA. When a mouse liver (BALB/c) cDNA library was screened using a human PC cDNA as a probe, nine overlapping cDNA clones were isolated and sequenced. The cloned mouse PC cDNA comprised 1,512 nucleotides and the open reading frame of the cDNA encoded a polypeptide of 461 amino acids residues including a leader peptide composed of 41 amino acids. Mouse PC exhibited high homology to both human and bovine PCs. Mouse PC also had several structural features common in other PCs; locations of 23 Cys residues, location of putative beta-hydroxy Asp71, possible carbohydrate attachment sites involving Asp residues at amino acid positions 249, 314, and 330, and location of active sites such as His212, Asp258, and Ser361. Northern blot hybridization analysis identified a single species of mouse PC mRNA (2.0 kb in length) in mouse liver.