Calcium and phosphorus content of roots exposed to the oral environment.

Journal of clinical periodontology

PubMedID: 1569228

Cohen M, Garnick JJ, Ringle RD, Hanes PJ, THOMPSON WO. Calcium and phosphorus content of roots exposed to the oral environment. J Clin Periodontol. 1992;19(4):268-73.
This study analyzed the calcium and phosphorus content of extracted tooth roots exposed to the in vivo oral environment. 20 teeth were obtained from 16 patients and divided into two groups of 10 teeth each. In group 1, the teeth had gingival probing depths of 5 mm or more, and teeth of group 2 had gingival recessions of 3 mm or more. Prior to extraction, the gingival margin location was recorded by placing a groove on the tooth surface. After extraction, the teeth were sectioned coronal-apically, air dried and coated with carbon. Energy dispersive X-ray spectra, excited in a scanning electron microscope, were analyzed to measure relative calcium and phosphorus contents and for calculation of their ratios. X-rays were collected from two positions on the sectioned root. Experimental positions were selected within the exposed portion of the roots of groups 1 and 2, and unexposed positions were selected from that portion of the same root with attached periodontal membrane. At each position, calcium and phosphorus content was measured at 4 depths into the root surface: in cementum, in dentin three-quarters of the distance to the pulp chamber, and at 2 locations in between on either side of the cemento-dentinal junction. Analysis of data demonstrated large variations in calcium and phosphorus content from surface to surface of individual teeth and from tooth to tooth in a subject. No statistically significant differences were found between experimental and unexposed locations. Calcium and phosphorus contents were greater in roots exposed to pockets when compared to roots exposed by recession at both experimental and unexposed locations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)