Vein compliance: a preoperative indicator of vein morphology and of veins at risk of vascular graft stenosis.

British Journal of Surgery

PubMedID: 1422709

Davies AH, Magee TR, Baird RN, Sheffield E, Horrocks M. Vein compliance: a preoperative indicator of vein morphology and of veins at risk of vascular graft stenosis. Br J Surg. 1992;79(10):1019-21.
Compliance measurements of 53 long saphenous veins before femorodistal bypass have been performed using a duplex scanner with venous occlusion for distension. These have been compared with the histological features of the veins. There was significantly more moderate or severe focal hyperplasia and circular muscle hypertrophy in distal long saphenous vein than in its proximal counterpart (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05 respectively). The mean (95 per cent confidence interval) compliance of distal vein with moderate or severe hyperplasia was 0.16 (0.13-0.19) compared with 0.29 (0.22-0.36) for that with no, minimal or mild hyperplasia (P = 0.001). The mean compliance of distal vein with moderate or severe muscle hypertrophy was 0.19 (0.17-0.21) and of vein with no, minimal or mild hypertrophy 0.25 (0.21-0.29) (P = 0.14). The mean lowest compliance in seven patients who developed stenosis was 0.10 (0.07-0.13) compared with 0.21 (0.16-0.26) in the rest (P < 0.001). Preoperative measurement of vein compliance can be used to identify vein with marked pre-existing intimal hyperplasia and as a predictor of future graft stenosis.