Rapid assessment of renal reserve in young adults by cystatin C.

Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation

PubMedID: 23461550

Fuhrman DY, Maier PS, Schwartz GJ. Rapid assessment of renal reserve in young adults by cystatin C. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2013;.
Background. The kidney can increase glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in response to a protein load (renal reserve). In a pilot study of healthy young adults we examined renal reserve using changes in serum cystatin C (cysC). Methods. Glomerular filtration rate was obtained using iohexol single slope plasma disappearance. To stimulate GFR, subjects ingested a beefburger containing 60 grams of protein. CysC was measured by immunonephelometry before and 125-141 minutes after protein loading. Results. All subjects were found to have a normal iohexol plasma disappearance GFR with a mean of 104.6 ± 9.9 mL/min per 1.73 m(2). CysC decreased in each subject after the meat meal. Baseline cysC-based estimated GFR was 98.1 ± 9.1 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) with a mean increase of 12.0 ± 5.2 (p = 0.0003). Conclusions. Our study showed a consistent decrease in serum cysC and increase in cysC-based estimated GFR following a protein load in young adults. Further studies are needed using renal clearance methods to confirm that cysC accurately determines renal reserve in patients with and without chronic kidney disease.