Relationship of QRST isointegral maps during simulated left bundle branch block to impairment of left ventricular function due to myocardial infarction.

Journal of electrocardiology

PubMedID: 1402516

Suzuki A, Hayashi H, Hirai M, Tomita Y, Ichihara Y, Adachi M, Terazawa T, Kondo K, Takatsu F, Saito H. Relationship of QRST isointegral maps during simulated left bundle branch block to impairment of left ventricular function due to myocardial infarction. J Electrocardiol. 1992;25(4):305-14.
The clinical usefulness of QRST isointegral maps for assessing left ventricular (LV) dysfunction due to myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with MI in the setting of simulated left bundle branch block (LBBB) was investigated. Isointegral maps were recorded during sinus rhythm and right ventricular pacing, which simulated LBBB, in 62 patients with MI and 26 patients without MI. An abnormal decrease in the QRST value in the isointegral map was assessed by the difference map that indicated a "-2 SD area" where the QRST integral value was less than the normal range (mean - 2 SD) calculated from 608 normal individuals. The isointegral maps during the two activation sequences were similar in patients with and without MI (r = 0.87 and 0.92, respectively). The sum of QRST integral values less than the normal range (sigma DM) during simulated LBBB correlated significantly with the asynergy index, derived from left ventriculographic data (r = 0.81, p < 0.01). LV dysfunction (asynergy index > or = 2) was diagnosed in simulated LBBB with a sensitivity of 81%, specificity of 77%, and diagnostic accuracy of 80% when the criterion that LV dysfunction is present if the number of lead points in the -2 SD area exceeds 4, and a sensitivity of 71%, specificity of 81%, and diagnostic accuracy of 74% if sigma DM exceeds 200 mVms was used. The findings demonstrate that isointegral maps may be useful in assessing LV dysfunction due to MI in patients with MI and LBBB in addition to detecting the presence and site of MI in these patients.