CYP-dependent metabolism of antitumor pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine derivatives is characterized by an oxidative dechlorination reaction.

Drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics

PubMedID: 24850316

Zamperini C, Dreassi E, Vignaroli G, Radi M, Dragoni S, Schenone S, Musumeci F, Valoti M, Antiochia R, Botta M. CYP-dependent metabolism of antitumor pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine derivatives is characterized by an oxidative dechlorination reaction. Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2014;.
Summary : The aim of this study is to investigate the metabolic (cytochrome P450-dependent) behaviour of pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidines 1-10 dual Abl/Src kinase inhibitors.. All the compounds demonstrate good metabolic stability both in either human liver (HLM) and in rat liver (RLM) microsomes. Moreover, all the tested molecules undergo the same metabolic CYP-dependent reactions, namely oxidative dechlorination and N-dealkylation. These metabolic pathways are fully characterized for compound 1. In HLM, the dehalogenated metabolite accounts for about 87% of the full 1 metabolism, while the N-dealkylated metabolite results to be the 12%. Inhibition studies performed using different CYP-inhibitors indicate that the 3A family is the isoenzyme family most involved in pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine metabolism. This observation is confirmed by studies performed by using CYP3A selective substrates. Furthermore kinetic analysis performed in RLM, HLM and cDNA CYP3A4 show that the affinity of CYPs towards compound 1 is similar in all the tested preparations (Km=32.7, 21.8, 48.7 ┬ÁM, respectively).