Characterization of a Topological Mott Insulator in One Dimension.

Physical review letters

PubMedID: 24877954

Yoshida T, Peters R, Fujimoto S, Kawakami N. Characterization of a Topological Mott Insulator in One Dimension. Phys Rev Lett. 2014;112(19):196404.
We investigate properties of a topological Mott insulator in one dimension by examining the bulk topological invariant and the entanglement spectrum of a correlated electron model. We clarify how gapless edge states in a noninteracting topological band insulator evolve into spinon edge states in a topological Mott insulator. Furthermore, we propose a topological Mott transition, which is a new type of topological phase transition which has never been observed in free fermion systems. This unconventional transition occurs in spin liquid phases in the Mott insulator and is accompanied by zeros of the single-electron Green's function and a gap closing in the spin excitation spectrum.