Nutritional Support for Premature Infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Critical care nursing clinics of North America

PubMedID: 24878205

Ditzenberger G. Nutritional Support for Premature Infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2014;26(2):181-198.
Nutritional support for premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit setting is complex. Such infants have conditions unique to this period of the lifespan requiring specialized care management, both of which may impede the provision of adequate nutrition to support basal metabolic needs. Premature infants require optimum nutritional intake to support rapid growth during a time when they are not fully capable of tolerating it. This article reviews developmental anatomy, physiology, and the effect of premature delivery by systems; the challenges of providing adequate nutrition; and current evidence-based strategies to provide nutrition for premature infants during hospitalization.