[Suppression of tumor growth induced by human 4-1BBL-B7-H3 gene in reconstructed immune function in severe combined immunodeficient mice].

Hua xi kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Huaxi kouqiang yixue zazhi = West China journal of stomatology

PubMedID: 24881218

Wu L, Yang H, Luo J, Su M. [Suppression of tumor growth induced by human 4-1BBL-B7-H3 gene in reconstructed immune function in severe combined immunodeficient mice]. Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2014;32(2):190-5.
OBJECTIVE
The non-specific antitumor immunity effect of 4-1BBL-B7-H3 gene was investigated by establishing an oral squamous cell carcinoma human peripheral blood lymphocyte-severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice chimeric model.

METHODS
Forty mice were randomly divided into five groups. All groups, except the non-immune reconstitution group (group D), had reconstructed human partial immune system. The control group (group A) was injected with Tca8113 cells. The Ad4-1BBL-B7-H3 group (group B) was injected with Tca8113 cells transfected by adenovirus containing 4-1BBL-B7-H3 gene. The empty vector group (group C) was injected with Tca8113 cells transfected by adenovirus containing an empty vector. The non-immune reconstitution group (group D) was injected with Tca8113 cells. The non-tumor group (group E) was injected with PBS. The tumor volumes in each group were measured weekly. Human IgG in blood was obtained through the tail vein and was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Human CD3+ and D56 lymphocytes were assessed by flow cytometry. Model animals were killed on the ninth week. Differences in the expression of the natural killer group 2 member D (NKG2D) and toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) in tumor tissues of each group were observed by immunohistochemical method. 4-1BBL-B7-H3 gene expression in mice tumor tissues was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the expressions of major histocompatibility complex 1 class related molecule (M1C) A, M1CB, and TLR2 were detected by real-time quantitative PCR.

RESULTS
The tumor volumes of group B were remarkably lower than those in the other groups (P < 0.05). Human IgG and CD3+ and CD56+ lymphocytes were detected in the peripheral blood of immune-reconstituted mice. These lymphocytes were remarkably higher in group B than those in groups A, C, and E (P < 0.05). Higher NKG2D and TLR2 expression were observed in group B tumor than those in the other groups. The stable expression of 4-1BBL-B7-H3 gene in group B was proven. The expression of M1CA, M1CB, and TLR2 were significantly higher in the group B tumor than those in groups A, C, and D (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION
The high 4-1BBL-B7-H3 gene expression in tumor tissues could successfully induce the proliferation of CD3+ and CD56+ lymphocytes. This expression can also directly or indirectly activate TLR2 and up-regulate the expression of NKG2D and its ligands (M1CA and M1CB), which result in an effective antitumor immune response.