The characterization of obese polycystic ovary syndrome rat model suitable for exercise intervention.

PloS one

PubMedID: 24905232

Wu C, Lin F, Qiu S, Jiang Z. The characterization of obese polycystic ovary syndrome rat model suitable for exercise intervention. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(6):e99155.
OBJECTIVE
To develop a new polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) rat model suitable for exercise intervention.

METHOD
Thirty six rats were randomly divided into three experimental groups: PCOS rats with high-fat diet (PF, n?=?24), PCOS rats with ordinary diet (PO, n?=?6), and control rats with ordinary diet (CO, n?=?6). Two kinds of PCOS rat model were made by adjustment diet structure and testosterone injection for 28 days. After a successful animal model, PF model rats were randomly assigned to three groups: exercise with a continuation of high-fat diet (PF-EF, n?=?6), sedentary with a continuation of high-fat diet (PF-SF, n?=?6), exercise with an ordinary diet (PF-EO, n?=?6). Fasting blood glucose (FBG) and insulin (FINS), estrogen (E2), progesterone (P), and testosterone (T) in serum were determined by RIA, and ovarian morphology was evaluated by Image-Pro plus 6.0.

RESULTS
Body weight, Lee index, FINS increased significantly in PF rat model. Serum levels of E2 and T were significantly higher in PF and PO than in CO. Ovary organ index and ovarian areas were significant lower in PF than in CO. After intervention for 2 weeks, the levels of 1 h postprandial blood glucose (PBG1), 2 h postprandial blood glucose (PBG2), FINS and the serum levels of T decreased significantly in PF-EF rats and PF-EO rats. The ratio of FBG/FINS was significant higher in PF-EO rats than in PF-SF rats. Ovarian morphology showed that the numbers of preantral follicles and atretic follicles decreased significantly, and the numbers of antral follicles and corpora lutea increased significantly in the rats of PF-EF and PF-EO.

CONCLUSION
By combination of high-fat diet and testosterone injection, the obese PCOS rat model is conformable with the lifestyle habits of fatty foods and insufficient exercise, and has metabolic and reproductive characteristics of human PCOS. This model can be applied to study exercise intervention.