Favorable Vessel Healing After Nobori Biolimus A9-Eluting Stent Implantation.

Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society

PubMedID: 24909891

Konishi A, Shinke T, Otake H, Takaya T, Nakagawa M, Inoue T, Hariki H, Osue T, Taniguchi Y, Iwasaki M, Nishio R, Hiranuma N, Kinutani H, Kuroda M, Takahashi H, Terashita D, Shite J, Hirata KI. Favorable Vessel Healing After Nobori Biolimus A9-Eluting Stent Implantation. Circ J. 2014;.
Background:Nobori is a novel biolimus A9-eluting stent (BES) coated with a biodegradable polymer only on the abluminal side, which degrades over 6-9 months post-stent deployment. The course of vessel reaction after deployment at these time points remains unclear.Methods and Results:We serially evaluated 28 BES implanted in de novo coronary lesions of 23 patients using optical coherence tomography (OCT) at 6 and 12 months post-stenting. Standard OCT variables, the percentage of stent with peri-strut low-intensity area (PLIA, a region around stent struts homogenously showing lesser intensity than the surrounding tissue, suggesting fibrin deposition or impaired neointima maturation) and that with in-stent thrombi were evaluated. There was a significant, but small increase in neointimal thickness (72±23 to 82±25 µm, P=0.006) from the 6- to the 12-month follow-up, without a significant decrease in minimum lumen area (P=0.30). The incidences of uncovered and malapposed struts were low at 6 months and reduced further at 12 months (3.96±3.97% to 1.51±1.63%, P=0.001, and 0.50±1.84% to 0.06±0.24%, P=0.20, respectively). The frequency of stent with PLIA decreased during the follow-up (57% to 32%, P=0.05) and that with in-stent thrombi also numerically decreased (7% to 0%, P=0.24).Conclusions:Neointimal hyperplasia was persistently suppressed following BES implantation up to 12 months. Simultaneously, favorable vessel healing was achieved at 6 months without a delaying adverse reaction for up to 12 months.