Soluble Aggregates in Aqueous Solutions of Polyion-Surfactant Ion Complex Salts and a Nonionic Surfactant.

The journal of physical chemistry. B

PubMedID: 24911877

Janiak J, Tomsic M, Lundberg D, Olofsson G, Piculell L, Schillén K. Soluble Aggregates in Aqueous Solutions of Polyion-Surfactant Ion Complex Salts and a Nonionic Surfactant. J Phys Chem B. 2014;.
Water-soluble aggregates based on two polyion-surfactant ion "complex salts", consisting of hexadecyltrimethylammonium (C16TA(+)) and polyacrylate (PA(-)) with either 25 or 6000 repeating units, with added nonionic surfactant octaethylene glycol monododecyl ether (C12E8) have been investigated. A previous phase study has shown that added C12E5 or C12E8 can solubilize complex salts in aqueous systems, and that increasing the poly(ethylene oxide) chain length of the nonionic surfactant and/or decreasing the polyion length favor dissolution. In this work we report on dynamic light scattering, NMR diffusometry, small angle X-ray scattering, and isothermal titration calorimetry measurements performed to characterize the solubilized composite aggregates in dilute aqueous solution in terms of size and stoichiometry. It was found that mixed aggregates of polyacrylate, C16TA(+) ions, and C12E8, with almost constant stoichiometry, coexist with free micelles of C12E8 at all investigated mixing ratios. The length of the polyion only weakly affects the stoichiometry of the mixed aggregates while strongly affecting their size and water solubility.