Questionnaires for Outcome Expectancy, Self-Regulation, and Behavioral Expectation for Resistance Training Among Young-Old Adults: Development and Preliminary Validity.

Journal of aging and physical activity

PubMedID: 24918833

Williams DM, Savla J, Davy BM, Kelleher SA, Marinik EL, Winett RA. Questionnaires for Outcome Expectancy, Self-Regulation, and Behavioral Expectation for Resistance Training Among Young-Old Adults: Development and Preliminary Validity. J Aging Phys Act. 2014;.
The purpose of the present research was to develop questionnaires to assess outcome expectancy for resistance training (RT), behavioral expectation in the context of perceived barriers to RT, and self-regulation strategies for RT among young-old adults (50-69 years). Measurement development included (a) item generation through elicitation interviews (N=14) and open-ended questionnaires (N=56), (b) expert feedback on a preliminary draft of the questionnaires (N=4), and (c) a quantitative longitudinal study for item-reduction and psychometric analyses (N=94). Elicitation procedures, expert feedback, and item reduction yielded four questionnaires with a total of 42 items. Positive outcome expectancy (a=.809), negative outcome expectancy (a=.729), behavioral expectation (a=.925), and self-regulation (a=.761) had-with one exception-moderate bivariate associations with two different indicators of self-reported RT behavior at one-month follow-up (r=.298 to .506). The present research provides preliminary support for newly developed questionnaires to facilitate understanding of the psychosocial determinants of RT among young-old adults.