[Perspectives of laser-assisted keratoplasty : Current overview and first preliminary results with the picosecond infrared laser (??=?3 µm)].

Der Ophthalmologe : Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft

PubMedID: 24942118

Linke SJ, Ren L, Frings A, Steinberg J, Wöllmer W, Katz T, Reimer R, Hansen NO, Jowett N, Richard G, Dwayne Miller RJ. [Perspectives of laser-assisted keratoplasty : Current overview and first preliminary results with the picosecond infrared laser (??=?3 µm)]. Ophthalmologe. 2014;111(6):523-30.
BACKGROUND
This article provides a review of the current state of laser-assisted keratoplasty and describes a first proof of concept study to test the feasibility of a new mid-infrared (MIR) picosecond laser to perform applanation-free corneal trephination.

METHODS
The procedure is based on a specially adapted laser system (PIRL-HP2-1064 OPA-3000, Attodyne, Canada) which works with a wavelength of 3,000?±?90 nm, a pulse duration of 300 ps and a repetition rate of 1 kHz. The picosecond infrared laser (PIRL) beam is delivered to the sample by a custom-made optics system with an implemented scanning mechanism. Corneal specimens were mounted on an artificial anterior chamber and subsequent trephination was performed with the PIRL under stable intraocular pressure conditions.

RESULTS
A defined corneal ablation pattern, e.g. circular, linear, rectangular or disc-shaped, can be selected and its specific dimensions are defined by the user. Circular and linear ablation patterns were employed for the incisions in this study. Linear and circular penetrating PIRL incisions were examined by macroscopic inspection, histology, confocal microscopy and environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) for characterization of the incisional quality. Using PIRL reproducible and stable incisions could be made in human and porcine corneal samples with minimal damage to the surrounding tissue.

CONCLUSION
The PIRL laser radiation in the mid-infrared spectrum with a wavelength of 3 µm is exactly tuned to one of the dominant vibrational excitation bands of the water molecule, serves as an effective tool for applanation-free corneal incision and might broaden the armamentarium of corneal transplant surgery.