[Value of real-time contrast-enhanced ultrasound in diagnosis of renal solid renal lesions].

Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University

PubMedID: 24968851

Li X, Liang P, Yu XL, Yu J, Cheng ZG, Han ZY, Liu FY, Mu MJ. [Value of real-time contrast-enhanced ultrasound in diagnosis of renal solid renal lesions]. Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao. 2014;34(6):890-5.
OBJECTIVE
To investigate the value of real-time contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of renal solid renal lesions (RSLs).

METHODS
We retrospectively analyzed 140 cases of 152 RSLs with a mean diameter 3.1±1.9 cm. CEUS was performed and the perfusion characteristics were analyzed using contrast pulse sequences (CPS) technique. CEUS findings were compared with biopsy histopathologic findings.

RESULTS
A total of 137 malignant lesions (including 127 renal clear cell carcinomas, 8 renal papillary carcinomas and 2 chromophobe cell carcinomas) and 15 benign lesions (13 angiomyolipomas and 2 renal oncocytomas) were detected. Of the 137 malignant lesions, 98 (71.5%) showed contrast agent fast perfusion and hyper-enhancement or iso-enahncement in cortical phase, 104 (75.9%) showed hypo-enhancement in later corticalmedullary and late phase, and 125 (91.2%) showed rim-like enhancement. Tumors with a diameter =2 cm presented with homogeneous enhancement, and those ranging from 2 to 4 cm showed heterogeneous enhancement with a honeycomb feature; tumors greater than 4 cm featured heterogeneous enhancement with large no-enhancement necrotic areas. Of the benign lesions, 13 angiomyolipomas and 2 renal oncocytomas showed slow wash-in and slow wash-out mode. The diagnostic specificity, accuracy and positive predictive value of CEUS for RSLs were 94.9%, 96.1%, and 73.7%, as compared to 72.3%, 71.1%, and 19.1% with conventional US, respectively (P<0.001). The sensitivity and negative predictive value of CEUS were 93.3% and 99.2%, respectively, significantly higher than those of conventional US (60% and 94.3%, P=0.084, and 0.062, respectively).

CONCLUSION
Real-time CEUS can provide valuable information for improving the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of RSLs.