Cercopemyces crocodilians, a new genus and species related to Ripartitella, is described from North America.

Mycologia

PubMedID: 24987131

Baroni TJ, Kropp BR, Evenson VS, Wilhelm M. Cercopemyces crocodilians, a new genus and species related to Ripartitella, is described from North America. Mycologia. 2014;.
Cercopemyces is described as a new genus based on collections of a newly discovered agaricoid species from the arid Cercocarpus forests of Utah and Colorado. The new genus is near Ripartitella and Cystodermella based on nLSU, rpb1 and ITS molecular sequences but distinctly different from these taxa. The ornamented basidiospores and inflated cells in the scales of the pileus surface of Cercopemyces indicate a close relationship to some species of Ripartitella, and the molecular analyses support the sister group relationship. Morphologically Cercopemyces crocodilians is reminiscent of the genus Amanita in the field, but the inamyloid, cyanophilic, ornamented basidiospores and lack of acrophysalidic hyphae in the trama indicate otherwise. A rare eastern USA species, Ripartitella ponderosa, is transferred to Cercopemyces based on morphological and molecular data.